More than a third of Asia’s migratory bird species nest in the vast coniferous and temperate (deciduous) forests of eastern Asia. Many of these species, which include robins, flycatchers, warblers, thrushes and cuckoos, migrate considerable distances to spend the northern winter in the verdant tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia. 

Masked Finfoot

Rufous-headed Robin

Fairy Pitta


• Japanese Night Heron

• Ijima’s Leaf Warbler

• Japanese Paradise Flycatcher

• Band-bellied Crake

• Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher

• Black Baza

• Japanese Robin

• Northern Boobook

• Chestnut-winged Cuckoo

• Narcissus Flycatcher

• Oriental Honey Buzzard

Open Country

Many migratory birds in Asia, including the magnificent Great Bustard and various hawks and eagles, are denizens of the grassland and open woodland of northern China and Russia. Many of these birds also spend a considerable part of their lives in farmland such as rice fields, and various open landscapes.

Yellow-breasted Bunting

Imperial Eagle

Great Bustard


• Streaked Reed Warbler

• Manchurian Reed Warbler

• Japanese Quail

• Cinereous Vulture

• Pied Harrier

• Short-eared Owl

• Asian Rosy Finch

• Stejneger’s Stonechat

• Oriental Pratincole

• Siberian Rubythroat

• Common Kestrel


Wetlands are important habitats for many tens of millions of migratory birds in Asia, including vast numbers of wild ducks and geese, shorebirds and herons. Wetlands are diverse and span marshes and lakes, and coastal mudflats. Unfortunately, coastal mudflats, which are used by many waterbirds, are among the ecosystems most threatened by development. 

Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Black-faced Spoonbill

Baer’s Pochard


• Great Knot

• Far Eastern Curlew

• Red-crowned Crane

• Chinese Crested Tern

• Chinese Egret

• Lesser White-fronted Goose

• Steller’s Sea Eagle

• Eurasian Oystercatcher

• Dalmatian Pelican

• Black-capped Kingfisher

• Mandarin Duck

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